Article Selection by “A Parsi F.T.S.” | Note by H.P.B.

Here [in the Avesta] the whole man is spoken of as composed of five parts, as under:—

1. Ahum—Existence, Life. It includes 1. The physical Body.
2. The Vital Principle.
3. The Astral Body.
2. Dacnam—Knowledge. 4. The Astral shape or body of desire.
3. Baodhas—Consciousness. 5. The Animal or physical intelligence or consciousness or Ego.
4. Urwanem—Soul. 6. The Higher or Spiritual intelligence or consciousness, or Spiritual Ego.
5. Frawashem—Spirit. 7. The Spirit.

In this description the first triple group, viz. the bones (or gross matter), the vital force which keeps them together, and the etherial body are included in one and called Existence, Life. The second part stands for the fourth principle of the septenary man, as denoting the configuration of his knowledge or desires.1 Then the three, consciousness (or animal soul), (spiritual) soul and the pure Spirit are the same as in the first quoted passage. . . .


1. Our Brother has but to look into the oldest sacred books of China—namely the Yi King, or Book of Changes (translated by James Legge) written 1200 B.C., to find that same Septenary division of man mentioned in that system of Divination. Zhing, which is translated correctly enough ‘essence,’ is the more subtle and pure part of matter—the grosser form of the elementary ether; Khi—or ‘spirit,’ is the breath, still material but purer than the zhing and is made of the finer and more active form of ether. In the hwun, or soul (animus), the Khi predominates, and the zhing (or zing) in the pho or animal soul. At death the hwun (or spiritual soul) wanders away, ascending, and the pho (the root of the Tibetan word Pho-hat,) descends and is changed into a ghostly shade (the shell). Dr. Medhurst thinks that “the Kwei Shans” (See Theology of the Chinese, pp. 10-12) are “the expanding and contracting principles of human life”! The Kwei Shans are brought about by the dissolution of the human frame—and consist of the expanding and ascending Shan which rambles about in space, and of the contracted and shrivelled Kwei, which reverts to earth and nonentity. Therefore, the Kwei is the physical body; the Shan is the vital principle; the Kwei-Shan the linga-sariram, or the vital soul; Zhing the fourth principle or Kama-Rupa, the essence of will; pho (the animal soul); Khi the spiritual soul; and Hwun the pure spirit—the seven principles of our occult doctrine! [H.P.B.]